Melamchi Drinking Water project is designed and is now in construction phase to provide fresh water to Kathmandu and meet the daily demand of around 350 ML.
It was started on 28th November, 2001.
ADB approved the proposed project restructuring, after 6 years (2008) of implementation and proposing the removal of identified obstacles in implementation, in February 2008. After the restructuring, the Project has now been revised to a total of $317.3 million and a completion date of June 2013. The cost will be jointly funded by several agencies such as: ADB (Loan 1820-NEP) – $137 m, JBIC – $ 47.5 m, JICA – $18 m, NDF – $10.5 m, OPEC – $13.7 m, and GoN – $ 90.6 million.
- Construction of Melamchi Diversion Scheme to carry out about 170 MLD of raw water from the Melamchi River into Kathmandu Valley through a 26.5 km tunnel;
- Construction of about 43 km of access roads and upgrading of about 29 km of road to assist the construction of the Project facilities and their maintenance;
- Construction of a water treatment plant with an initial capacity of at least 170 MLD and expandable to about 510 MLD to treat the Melamchi River Water.
- Rehabilitation and improvement of distribution networks at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels, house connections, rehabilitation and improvement of existing water supply system including intakes, transmission lines, water treatment plants and service reservoirs;
- Construction of a bulk distribution system comprising service reservoirs strategically located in the Kathmandu Valley (Sundarijal and Balkhu)
- Undertaking the improvements of waste water system in a phased manner;
- Development and implementation of i) a resettlement action plan; and ii) an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate direct and indirect Project impacts,
- Provision of support to carry out various Project administration activities, including PMU operations, design and construction supervision, social and environmental activities and training provision of incremental administration and operation costs.
The main project task is to construct tunnel. The total length of tunnel to be constructed is around 27.5 KM. Around 21.7 KM of tunnel construction is finished and 5.86 KM of remaining work is in construction phase.
Heavy machines are used in tunneling. Some of the machines and equipments are:
- Huge Generators
- Drilling machine
- Tractors and trucks
- Concrete sprayer
- Concrete mixer
- Bolts and drills
- Wire mesh
- High voltage electricity
- Air Ventilation and electric/lighting system
iii) The materials (rocks/soils/boulders) are taken out in a tractor.
iv) Concrete is prepared in a computerized concrete mixer as per the geology report ( like rock type, side stability, water condition etc. ).
V) Thus formed concrete is sprayed at the top and side of the tunnels for its stability.
Vi) If it is necessary to provide bolting then drilling is done at first and bolts are inserted inside the drills which are fastened by pressurized mortar.
vii) Wire meshing is done in very weak zone.
viii) Most of the above works are done by electric equipments so there are two big generators outside the tunnel. 5000L of diesel gets finished in around 2-3 days just for electric power because the voltage of NEA electricity is not sufficient to run the heavy machines/equipments.
viii) After stabilizing the side and top of the tunnel, next phase is started with geological survey.
ix) 3-4 such phase are done in 1 day i.e around 15-30m of tunnel is constructed in 1 day.
Why is this project taking so much time to complete ?
Let’s list it in points..
i) At first, tunnel construction is not an easy job. As you read the process of tunneling, it clearly suggest that tunneling has certain procedure to follow. And our geology differs in short span which makes tunneling more harder.
( In other countries tunneling seems fast. Its because they have TBM( Tunnel Boring Machine). We don’t have a single TBM in Nepal)
ii) Poor management board and contractor are another reason. At first, the project was given to chinese contractor which delayed the overall procedure. Now, it is given to Italian which is working day and night to complete the work in time.
iii) Blockade and Earthquake are another two reasons of delay in tunneling. They delayed the overall process by 1 and half years.
iv) Other reasons are like roads, infrastructures, materials availability and workers protest etc.
One example: We went to Gyaldung Tunnel. When we went to the construction site the whole work was stopped, generators were off and all the machines were off. We asked the reason of stopping the work and they said “Diesel is finished”. They also added” It will affect the whole procedure of a day”.
So, these small things play vital role in whole tunneling procedures.
v) Most of us think that its all due to politician, parties, governments etc. and all are doing corruption ..
But the real fact is not the same as we think. Yes, we lack some strict policy and formula of doing things faster in ground. But it doesn’t mean that the reason of everything are politician. Let’s be positive !!!!
And believe me, Melamchi drinking water project will be completed in 2 years and after 3 years we will get the water in our taps.
I can assure you this !!!
Cheers everyone !!
Keep motivating and inspiring …
|Gyaldung Tunnel Construction area|
|Ventilation( two large pipes at the top) and a dozer|
|Inisde the tunnel (yes, water is flowing constantly)|
|Generators (2 units))|
|Computerized concrete mixer|
|Cube test of concrete prepared in successive phases|
|Robotic drill machine|
|They are added in concrete for bearing tension|
|Steel Rods (sides) and bolts(at the middle)|